A Namibian delegation left for Germany on Sunday to reclaim about 20 human skulls used by colonial-era scientists who sought to prove the racial superiority of whites over blacks.
Namibia’s Herero ethnic group, incensed by German settlers stealing their land, cattle and women, launched an uprising against their colonial rulers in January 1904.
Around 300 skulls were taken from the Herero and ethnic Nama who died in German-run prison camps over the four-year conflict, according to some estimates. Many are still stored at the Medical History Museum at the Charite teaching hospital in Berlin.
“We are finally bringing our ancestors and heroes back home,” Herero Chief Kuiama Riruako said before departing for the airport…We will perform traditional rites as we arrive on German soil Monday morning and when we receive the skulls,” he said…
In the days after launching their uprising 107 years ago, Herero warriors massacred about 200 German civilians and were quickly met with a ruthless response from the German forces…
General Lothar von Trotha, who was under the direct command of Kaiser Wilhelm II in Berlin, later issued a notorious “extermination order.”
The figures for the total Herero population alive at the time range from 50,000 to 80,000.
It is estimated that tens of thousands were butchered, with only some 15,000 surviving when the campaign ended in 1907. Many historians called the killings the first genocide of the 20th century.
But, then, I guess you all learned about this in the Colonial Africa section of your school studies about modern world history. Right?