[I admit it — Sometimes I miss living just up the road from NYC]
❝ While jumping spiders are known to have great vision, a new Cornell University study proves for the first time that spiders can hear at a distance.
The discovery runs counter to standard textbook wisdom that claimed spiders could only detect nearby sounds.
❝ A study describes how researchers used metal microelectrodes in a jumping spider’s poppy-seed-sized brain to show that auditory neurons can sense far-field sounds, at distances up to 3 meters, or about 600 spider body lengths.
In further tests, researchers stimulated sensitive long hairs on the spider’s legs and body – previously known to pick up near-field airflow and vibrations – which generated a response in the same neurons that fired after hearing distant sounds, providing evidence the hairs are likely detecting nanoscale air particles that become excited from a sound wave…
❝ The techniques open up studies that link neurology with behavior in all spiders, Ron Hoy said. Gil Menda has since found evidence of hearing in five different spider species: jumping spiders, fishing spiders, wolf spiders, netcasting spiders and house spiders.
Future work by Hoy’s lab will investigate audio perception from lyriform organs and will better investigate audio neurons in the brain. The findings could have applications for using hairlike structures for extremely sensitive microphones, such as in hearing aids.
I wonder if they’ll investigate Google spiders? Har.
Meanwhile, RTFA. A delightful tale of accidental discoveries and cross-discipline cooperation.
This is a preview of the XM25 recorded a year ago
A new gun the US military hopes will help take on the Taliban has been unveiled. Called the XM25 it has been described by the US Army as a ‘game changer’.
It uses a laser guidance system and specially developed 25mm high explosive rounds which can be programmed to detonate over a target.
Richard Audette helped develop it for the US Army and says it’s a big leap forward because it’s the first small arms weapon to use smart technology. “The way a soldier operates this is basically find your target, then laze (laser) to it, which gives the range, then you get an adjusted aim point, adjust the fire and pull the trigger.
“Say you’ve lazed out to 543 metres… When you pull the trigger it arms the round and fires it 543 metres plus or minus one, two or three metres.”
It means the weapon can be used to target insurgents hiding behind walls or in ditches without the need to call in air strikes.
Haven’t yet read comments on effectiveness – though it surely sounds like solid technology. The prime consideration, as always, is how well does it hold up under combat conditions